Gum (periodontal) Disease, Madison NJ
Helping to keep your mouth healthy by avoiding Periodontal Disease
Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.
Why is Managing Periodontal Disease Important
Adults over 35 lose more teeth to gum (periodontal) disease than from cavities, three out of four adults are affected at some time in their life. The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques, performed daily and regular hygiene maintenance visits. Periodontal disease can be accelerated by a number of different factors. However, it is mainly caused by the bacteria found in dental plaque.
Preventing Periodontal Disease
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people can still develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent it’s progress.
Periodontal Disease treatments
The periodontal pockets around the tooth are cleaned and all root surfaces are smoothed. In the majority of early gum disease cases, treatment entails improved home care techniques, Arestin and scaling and root planing. Advanced cases may require surgical treatment.
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There are several contributing factors and many pathogenic bacteria that can cause gum disease. Oral DNA Labs now offer salivary diagnostic test that can be used to accurately find and treat the specific cause or causes of disease. There are two tests that can be done. Both are done in our office and are quick, non-invasive, and painless. The first, MyPerioPath, identifies which of thirteen commonly associated bacteria are causing your infection and how numerous they are; many times, more than one bacterial presence is to blame. The second test, MyPerioID, uses genetic markers to determine if you are more susceptible than most people to gum tissue infections.
Ask about Oral DNA tests if you have been diagnosed with periodontal (gum) disease or if you have any of the following indicators:
- Inflamed, red, or bleeding gum tissue
- Bone loss evidenced by periodontal pockets or x-rays
- Family history of periodontal disease
- Smoking or history of smoking
- Other conditions, such as diabetes, that increase your susceptibility
- Certain medications, such as asthma inhalers or steroids
- Chronic bad breath
- Loose teeth
Every year we learn more about the connection between oral health and whole-body health and oral disease causing systemic disease. By knowing what bacteria are in your mouth and being aware of your proclivity towards disease, we can help you to be as healthy as you can be.
Periodontal Maintenance FAQ
Q: What’s the best way to prevent gum disease?
A: Thorough removal of plaque by flossing, brushing and regular professional cleanings will minimize your risk of gum disease. However, there are other factors that can affect the health of your gums, such as stress, diabetes, genetics and pregnancy.
Q: What can gum disease mean for a diabetic?
A: Gingivitis is an infection within the gums caused by bacteria found in plaque. A diabetic’s body doesn’t respond as quickly to infection treatment as a non-diabetic. If the infection persists, it can spread to the underlying bone that supports and anchors the teeth.
It has been shown that diabetics who keep their condition under control and maintain good oral hygiene have a far better chance of combating infections than those who are poorly controlled.
Q: What does periodontal treatment involve?
A: In the earlier states of gum disease (mild to moderate periodontitis), most treatment involves scaling and root planning. The procedure aims at removing plaque and calculus from the surface of the tooth adjacent to gum tissue.
The periodontal pockets around the tooth are cleaned and all root surfaces are smoothed. In the majority of early gum disease cases, treatment entails improved home care techniques, Arestin and scaling and root planning. Advanced cases may require surgical treatment.